The continuity of life is brought about by reproduction, which involves the mating of a male and a female partner. The mating results in pregnancy, when a sperm reaches and fertilizes the egg cell of the female. This is the normal process of getting pregnant.
But sometimes, due to several reasons, such as emotionally not being ready to have a baby, the partners performing sexual intercourse do not want a baby. For this reason, they use birth control pills.
Effects of Birth Control Polls on Homrmones
The birth control pills prevent pregnancy and work effectively when you take them every day. Medical problems such as uterine and ovarian cancers, acne, migraines, etc. They are also prevented by using these pills.
These are primarily synthetic forms of hormones (such as progesterone and estrogen) and are taken by women to avoid pregnancy conditions. They alter the hormonal levels to prevent ovulation (the release of the egg from the follicle). The release of an egg is stopped because the ovary does not get the signal, and the chances of fertilization and, ultimately, pregnancy are eliminated. Birth Control pills are considered the most effective ways of reversible birth control. It is a popular way to get planned Parenthood.
Birth Control Pills and Hormones:
The birth control pills include changes in hormone levels. A female experiences high levels of estrogen hormone at the beginning of a regular menstrual cycle. Estrogen causes thickening of the endometrium of the uterus of a female and prepares it to receive fertilized egg cells (zygote). On the 14th day of a female’s menstrual cycle, the release of egg cells occurs, called ovulation.
After releasing an egg, another female sex hormone called progesterone level begins to rise, causing thickening and vascularization of the endometrium. If the fertilized egg is transferred to the uterine wall, it is implanted, and the rest of the events or pregnancy occur. This is the normal physiology of fertilization.
Birth control pills work by lowering the peak of estrogen, which causes difficulty for the egg cell to release. No egg cell, in turn, causes no chances of fertilization. Therefore the chances of pregnancy to occur get eliminated.
Moreover, the pill also thickens the cervical mucus of the female reproductive system, leading to difficulty for the sperm to reach The egg. In addition, there is also alternation in the lining of the uterus, making it unreceptive for implantation of fertilized eggs.
Types and mode of action of birth control pills:
Birth control pills are available in many different types, depending upon the mode of action. Some common types are:
- Combination Pills: As the name indicates, these pills contain estrogen and progesterone, therefore preventing ovulation and causing changes in the uterine line to avoid pregnancy.
- Minipill: These contain only progesterone and work by stopping sperms from reaching their destination, i.e., egg cell.
- Emergency Control pills: Some birth control pills work by not involving any hormones and preventing pregnancy. These are mostly levonorgestrel or ulipristal. But these pills have many side effects and can cause disturbance in menstrual cycles and lower belly pain.
You have to take these pills regularly to have effective prevention against pregnancy. If the medication is taken correctly, you may have less than a 1% chance of getting pregnant.
Benefits to using birth control pills:
Some advantages of using birth control pills are listed:
- Nowadays, birth control pills are modified to involve fewer hormones, resulting from having common side effects.
- Environmental crises such as overpopulation can be controlled by taking birth control pills.
- It causes lighter periods in females (reducing the risk of anemia).
- It may also control acne problems.
- Menstrual cramps are also reduced, causing less pain.
Risks of birth control pills:
Birth control pills can also cause many side effects, such as:
- Some bleeding or spotting of bleeding in between periods.
- Breasts enlargement (due to changes in hormone)
- Changes in your sex drive.
- Mood swings.
- Vaginal irritation.
Birth control pills are adequate to support family planning and Parenthood. But there are also risk factors associated with them if not taken according to expert guidance. Endocrinologists deal with hormonal changes; therefore, they can prescribe the pills according to your body’s requirements. To consult the best endocrinologist, visit Marham.Pk, and ensure quality checkup and prescription.
Additional Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Related to Birth Control Pills Effects on Your Hormones.
Most of the confusions regarding birth control pills are sorted above. But some other questions which could arise in your mind are answered below:
Can birth control pills avoid sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
Birth control pills could help you stop getting pregnant, but they may not avoid STDs, including HIV, AIDS, or HPV.
Can birth control pills cause extended periods?
Certain birth control pills could make your 13 periods a year cycle to only four a year. This suggests that these pills can cause only one menstruation a season.
How to start taking birth control pills?
To start taking birth control pills, it is best to consult your endocrinologist. Moreover, take the medication at the same time every day, i.e., after 24 hours.
Can I reverse the action of the birth control pill to get pregnant?
Yes, if you stop taking birth control pills, you can reverse the effect and again get pregnant. Therefore these are considered reversible ways to control birth.
Mian Abdul Wahab